Vendors of Rowing Merchandise and more.
1. Introduction: Why do we do this?
There are many reasons I suppose.
One view ...
`Karen rowed for what the venerable American shell builder
George Pocock called `the symphony of motion.' As dawn breaks
over the river, the shell is lifted from its rack out into the
morning. On another rack the oars hang ready to be greased and
slipped into the locks. Then, awakened to the river and the feel
of the oars, the oarsmen blend in fulfilment of the shell. The
symphony is not of competition. It is the synchronous motion
over water, the harmonic flexing of wood and muscle, where each
piece of equipment and every oarsman is both essential to, and
the limit of motion itself.'
- The Shell Game (Stephen Kiesling)
And yet another view ... from an article by Brad Lewis in whichhe
describes his feelings near the end of the singles final racethat
would determine who would represent the U.S. in the 1984Olympic
'I led by three or four feet, with Biggy (John Biglow) surging
closer on each stroke. I hated him in those last few seconds;
he was the only reason my guts were being strewn over the water
like an oil slick ... I pressed one last time, and looked at
the finish-line flagman. In that instant the flag jumped down
and then up. The up stroke, identifying the second place finisher,
was for me. John Biglow was the victor. I stared into the green-brown
water watching my bloody soul drop through the depths, slowly
rocking back and forth, occasionally glinting in the light, and
then finally disappearing.'
- from ROW magazine `Death at the Single Trials'
As dawn breaks over the river, the shell is lifted from it's rack
out into the morning. On another rack, the oars hang ready to
be greased and slipped into the locks. Then, awakened to the
river and the feel of the oars, the oarsmen blend in fulfillment of
the shell. The symphony is not the competition. It is the
synchronous motion over water, the harmonic flexing of the
wood and muscle, where each piece of equipment and every
oarsman is both essential to, and the limit of motion itself.
-- Symphony of Motion, George Pocock
2. How do I get started?
If you are an experienced rower and would like to join the Mission Bay
Rowing Association, please see the MBRA
Membership page for complete details
If you have never rowed before, rowing
classes are available at the Mission Bay Acquatic Center.
Rowing is a very good fitness activity. It burns nearly the same amount of
calories per hour as does cross-country skiing - the best aerobic activity. Rowing
strengthens your upper and lower body as well as your heart muscle. The motion of
rowing is not hard on the joints, therefore the sport can be continued throughout your life,
with little injury. For the competitive rowers, who are driving their shells as fast as
possible to the non-competitive, recreational rower, who enjoys the challenge of
achieving the perfect stroke, or the tranquillity of an early morning of bird watching,
Mission Bay offers a perfect body of water for all rowers.
The most comfortable clothing to wear while rowing is shorts - not too baggy -
and a T-shirt. If the weather is cool, sweatpants and/or sweatshirts that do not restrict
your motion are a good idea. The barge sits outside all year-round, therefore at times can
be salty or dusty, please do not wear your best clothes, they may get dirty. People with
small feet (size 5 or smaller) may wish to wear tennis shoes with no sole i.e. VANS or a
shoe without a flared heal. Most rowers wear a pair of thick sock to protect their feet
from blisters. Aquasocks or wetsuit booties are equally good.
NOTE: For all aquatic activities at the Mission Bay Aquatic Center, you will
need to take a swim test, or show a Dive card like PADI, or a Water Safety Red Cross
3. What kinds of boats are used?
The boats (or shells) are basically of two types and reflectthe
two forms of rowing---sweep rowing and sculling. In sweep rowing
each rower handles a single oar (about 12.5 ft or 3.9 m long) in
sculling a rower uses two oars, or sculls, (each about 9.5 ft or
3 m long). The word shell is often used in reference to the boats
used because the hull is only about 1/8" to 1/4" thick
to make it as light as possible. These shells are also rather
long and racing shells are as narrow as possible while recreational
ones can be rather wide. Most shells today are made of composite materials such as carbon fiber, fiberglass, or kevlar. A few manufacturers still build wooden boats.
Each rower has his back to the direction the shell is moving
and power is generated using a blended sequence of the rower's
legs, back and arms. The rower sits on a sliding seat with wheels
on a track called the slide.
Each oar is held in a U-shaped swivel (oarlock) mounted on
a metal pin at the end of a rigger. The rigger is an assembly
of tubes that is tightly bolted to the body of the shell.The exception
to this are some european recreational boats called "inriggers"
which have the oarlock attach directly on the gunwale. The subtypes
of rowing shells are classified according to the number of rowers
in the shell.
- Sweep Boats (each rower has one oar)
- These shells can have a coxswain---a person who steers the
shell (using a rudder) and urges the rowers on. I have included
in parenthesis the symbol used for each subtype along with some
dimensions and weights.
- Coxed Pair (2+)
- Two sweep rowers with a coxswain.
- Coxless Pair (2-)
- Two sweep rowers without a coxswain.
- Coxed Four (4+)
- Four sweep rowers with a coxswain.
- Straight (or Coxless) Four (4-)
- Four sweep rowers without a coxswain. Steering is usually
accomplished via a rudder that is attached to a cable that is
connected to one of the rower's foot stretchers (this an adjustable
bracket to which the rower's feet are secured). The coxless pair
has a similar type of rudder setup.
- Eight (8+/8o)
- Eight sweep rowers with a coxswain. Eights are 60+ ft (~18.5
m) long and weigh about 250 pounds (~114 kg).
- Sculling Boats (each rower has two oars)
- Only in rare cases do these boats have a coxswain. Steering
is generally accomplished by applying more power or pressure
to the oar(s) on one side of the shell. The hands overlap (usually
left over right in the US) during part of the rowing cycle, or
are always left in front of right.
- Single (1X)
- One rower or sculler. Singles are about 26 ft (8 m) long
and less than a foot (0.3 m) wide. Racing singles can weigh as
little as 30 pounds (~13.5 kg). There are heavier (~45 to 50
pounds), shorter and wider versions often referred to as recreational
- Double (2X)
- Two scullers. Most racing doubles can be also used as a pair
with a different set of riggers designed for sweep oars. When
used as a pair a rudder is usually added. There are also recreational
versions of sculling doubles.
- Quadruple (4X)
- Four scullers. Often referred to as a `quad' and usually
has a rudder attached to one of the sculler's foot stretchers
as in the straight four. Most quads can also be rigged as a straight
four using a different set of riggers.
- Octuple (8X)
- Eight scullers. This is rarely seen, though is used in the
UK, at least, in junior competition where sweep rowing is not
- Weight Classifications
- There are basically two weight classes for rowers---heavyweight
(HWT) and lightweight (LWT).
- Men (M)
- For team LWT boats, there is a 72.5 kg (~160 lbs) individual
maximum, and the boat must average no more than 70 kg (~155 lbs).
- Women (W)
- The individual maximum for team LWT boats is 59 kg (~130
lbs), and the boat must average no more than 57 kg (~125 lbs).
In the US, the women have an individual max only; no average.
In some regattas in the US (usually head races late in the season)
these limits are increased by 5 lbs.
A rowing shell is usually built with a particular weight class
of rower in mind. Until just recently the Olympics effectively
had only HWT classifications.
4. What do the terms used in rowing mean?
- The wide flat section of the oar at the head of the shaft,
also known as the spoon. This term is often used when referring
to the entire oar.
- Hatchets (a.k.a. big blades or choppers or cleavers)
- A relatively new design of oar blades (although the idea
has been around for some time). These were introduced by Concept
II (Spring 1992) and are what the names indicate---oar blades
that have a bigger surface area than the `standard' (Macon) blades
and have a hatchet or meat cleaver shape. The hatchets are a
bit shorter (by about 7 cm) than the standard blades.
- This term is used interchangebly when referring to one of
the oars used in a sculling shell, the shell itself or to the
act of rowing a sculling shell.
- Foot Stretcher (or bootstretchers)
- An adjustable bracket in a shell to which the rower's feet
are secured in some sort of shoe or clog.
- The sliding seat that the rower sits on. The term "seat"
also refers to the rowers place in the boat; the convention is
to number the seats from bow to stern, i.e. the rower closest
to the front of the boat is "1-seat" the next, "2-seat",
et c. The 1-seat is also commonly referred to as "bowseat"
or just "bow" while the sternmost (rear) seat is referred
to as "stroke seat" or just "stroke".
- Rigger (or outrigger)
- The device that connects the oarlock to the shell and is
bolted to the body of the shell. On sweep boats, riggers are
typically alternating from side to the other on adjacent seats,
but it is not uncommon to see two adjacent riggers on the same
side. This is referred to as "tandem rigging". Variaties
include "bucket rigging", "German Rigging"
and "Italian Rigging".
- Oarlock (or rowlock)
- A U-shaped swivel which holds the oar in place.
It's mounted at the end of the rigger and rotates around a metal
pin. A gate closes across the top to keep the oar
- Button (or collar)
- A plastic or metal fitting tightened on the oar to keep the
oar from slipping through the oarlock.
- The angle between the blade (on the drive when the blade
is `squared') and a line perpendicular to the water's surface.
- Slide (or track)
- The track on which the seat moves.
- Gunwale (or gunnel, saxboard)
- Top section on the sides of a shell which runs along the
sides of the crew section where the rowers are located. The riggers
are secured to the gunwale with bolts.
- Technically, the structual member running the length of the
boat at the bottom of the hull. Today, some shells are built
without this member so the term often refers to the center line
of the shell.
- Steering device at the stern. The rudder in turn is connected
to some cables (tiller ropes) that the coxswain can use to steer
the shell. Older shells have short wooden handles (knockers)
on the tiller ropes. These knockers are used by the coxswain
not only to steer the shell, but also to rap out the cadence
of the stroke rate on the gunwale.
- Skeg (or Fin)
- A small fin located along the stern section of the hull.
This helps to stabilize the shell in holding a true course when
rowing. All racing shells have a skeg. The skeg should not be
confused with the rudder.
- The adjustment and alteration of accessories (riggers, foot-stretchers,
oar, etc.) in and on the shell. Examples of rigging adjustments
that can be made are the height of the rigger, location of the
foot-stretchers, location and height of the oarlocks, location
of the button (or collar) on the oar and the pitch of the blade
of the oar.
- Slings (or boat slings, or trestles)
- Collapsible/portable frames with straps upon which a shell
can be placed temporarily.
Rowing cycle terms
Starting with the rower at `rest' and legs fully extended
with the oar blades immersed in the water perpendicular (well
... almost) to the water's surface.
- A sharp downward (and away) motion of the hand which serves
to remove the oar blade from the water and start the rowing cycle.
Yeh, yeh where does the stroke cycle really start?
- The act of turning the oar blade from a position perpendicular
to the surface of the water to a position parallel to the water.
This is done in conjunction with the release.
- Part of the rowing cycle from the release up to and including
where the oar blade enters the water.
- A gradual rolling of the oar blade from a position parallel
to the water to a position (almost) perpendicular to the surface
of the water. This is accomplished during the recovery portion
of the rowing cycle and is done in preparation for the catch.
- The point of the rowing cycle at which the blade enters the
water at the end of the recovery and is accomplished by an upward
motion of the arms and hands only. The blade of the oar must
be fully squared at the catch.
- That part of the rowing cycle when the rower applies power
to the oar. This is a more (or less) blended sequence of applying
power primarily with a leg drive, then the back and finally the
- The last part of the drive before the release where the power
is mainly coming from the back and arms.
- The amount of backward lean of the rower's body at the end
of the finish. Now we start again with the release and ...
In order for the crew to work a team or unit, the cox'n will give specific
commands. Most of the commands will be based off of a three part sequence, starting
with the description, then the questions "Ready?", and finally the command to move.
These commands should come in a even cadence, so that the crew will act in unison.
To move a boat stored on a rack:
Hands on the name of the boat
Up and off the rack, READY? (pause) Up
To the shoulders, READY? (pause) Up
Walk it out, watching the riggers (meaning to make sure the boat riggers being
carried out, do not hit the riggers on the stored boats)
To move a boat that is right side up, from the water to slings.
One hand center, decide who is going to split.
Over heads, READY? (pause) Up
Split to sides, READY ? (pause) Down - boat goes to the oarsperson shoulders
Walk if up (the beach)
once on the wash off pad, Weigh-enough
To the waist, READY? (pause) down
To the stretchers, READY? (pause) down
When rowing the cox'n may want to have only have some of the crew rowing, if they
want to change something they could do something like the following:
To change a pair of rowers from balancing to rowing - during warm-up
In TWO, 3 and 4 to drop out, 5 and 6 to add in,
ONE, at the catch of 8 seat
TWO, at the second catch of 8 seat
On this one, said immediately after TWO
The rowers 3 and 4 should continue to row until the RELEASE of
stroke TWO, at that time they will begin to balance the boat with
their oars. The 5 and 6 rowers will continue to balance the boat,
until the RELEASE of stroke TWO, at which time they will begin to
row following the Stern pair of rowers.
To increase the stroke length or pressure
In TWO, full slide or 1/2 pressure
ONE, at the catch of 8 seat
TWO, at the second catch of 8 seat
On this one, said immediately after TWO
Other terms of interest
- The forward end of the shell. Also used as the name of the
person sitting nearest to the bow.
- The rear end of the shell.
- The left side of the boat when facing the bow (stroke side
in the UK and Ireland).
- The right side of the shell when facing the bow (bow side
in the UK and Ireland).
- The person who steers the shell and urges the rowers on during
practices and in a race. A knowledgeable coxswain can also serve
as a coach for the rowers and can be the difference between winning
and losing a race.
- The Stroke
- The rower sitting nearest the stern (and the coxswain, if
there is one). The stroke is responsible for setting the stroke
length and cadence (with the coxswain's gentle advice).
- Frig rigging
- See Tandem Rigging.
- Tandem rigging
- Variations of rigging of sweep boats with adjacent riggers
being on the same side of the boat. Also known as Frig rigging
(UK). See below (the rigging terms below are the subject of debate
as to exactly what configuration they refer to, and they are
often used interchangeably).
- Bucket rigging
- The rigging of an eight or a four so that riggers 2 and 3
are on the same side.
- German rigging
- The rigging of an eight so that riggers 4 and 5 are on the
same side while the others alternate.
- Italian rigging
- The rigging of an eight so that bow and stroke riggers are
on the same side, with the others alternating in pairs.
- The ratio of the recovery time to the drive time. The recovery
time should always be longer than the drive time (how much longer
I won't say ... as someone wrote, the idea is to `move the boat
on the pull through (or drive) and take a ride (i.e. relax) on
the recovery without sacrificing the very speed that they have
- The number of strokes per minute. Also known as stroke rating.
- Set (set of a boat)
- The definition that I think comes
closest to what rowers mean by the set of a boat is `form or
carriage of the body or of its parts'. In this case the `body'
consists of the shell and the rowers. Items that can affect the
set of the boat are the rower's posture, hand levels, rigging
(the favorite culprit ... especially with the more advanced rowers),
timing at the catch and release, and outside conditions such
as the wind. It is not unusual for rowers within a shell not
to agree on what needs to be done to establish a `good' set,
i.e. a level, stable shell that will provide the basis for that
symphony of motion.
- Any abrupt deceleration of the shell caused by some uncontrolled
motion within the shell; an interruption in the forward motion
of the shell. The coxswain is probably the most acutely aware
of this abrupt deceleration and it has been known to cause whiplash
in some extreme cases.
- A problem encountered by a rower when his or her oar gets
`stuck' in the water, usually right after the catch or just before
the release, and is caused by improper squaring or feathering.
The momentum of the shell can overcome the rower's control of
the oar. In more extreme cases the rower can actually be ejected
from the shell by the oar.
- Jumping the slide
- Another problem encountered by a rower when the seat becomes
derailed from the track during the rowing cycle.
- Missing water
- The rower starts the drive before the catch has been completed
(or even started in some cases). This is also referred to as
rowing into the catch.
- The fault of carrying the hands too low during the recovery
especially when a rower dips his or her hands just prior to the
catch (i.e. a sort of winding up). This usually results in the
blade being too high off the water's surface.
- Washing out
- The fault of rowing the oar out of the water, i.e. the blade
comes out of the water before the drive is finished.
5. Race Formats
What are the usual racing distances and divisions?
The races have separate divisions---Men's (M), Women's (W),
heavyweight (HWT) or open, lightweight (LWT) etc., then divided
up into 8+'s, 4+'s, 1x's, 2x's and so on. So for a typical regatta
you might see separate races scheduled for M8+, W8+, M4+, W4+
down (or up---depends on your cup of tea) to W1x and M1x. There
may be separate heavyweight and lightweight divisions that would
require a weigh-in for the lightweights some time before the
start of the regatta. You may also see divisons according to
experience (novice, varsity), age (junior and masters) ,and skill
level (senior A, B, Elite, etc.)
The standard international racing distance is 2000 meters
(preferably straight) and the courrse usually has six shells
racing against each other in their separate designated lanes
which may or may not be marked by buoys. These races can take
anywhere from 5 1/2 to 8 1/2 minutes depending on boat class,
weather conditions, water current and the physical condition
and experience of the rowers.
Other racing distances are 1000 meters for the older guys
and gals (Masters) and 1500 meters for the Junior age division
(high school). A description of the starting procedures is in
a separate following section. Also, there is a match style (i.e.
races with two boats head to head in a single elimination format
for each division) racing at a some regattas. The Henley Royal
Regatta in England comes to mind.
From J. Wangermann: The standard regatta format in
the UK at club level is two-lane elimination, normally over four
rounds. The reason is that all the rivers in the UK are far more
narrow and twisty than in the US (e.g. the Cam, Isis, Avon, Thames
above London) etc. For similar reasons, the length varies. Many
regattas are two day affairs, the first day being a sprint over
500 or 600m, the second day being a long-distance affair of 800-1500
(a brief description from R. Chen)
Crews are expected to be at their starting stations two minutes
before the scheduled time of the race. Once the boats are locked
on, the judge at start will supervise the alignment process.
When all crews are level, the Starter will then poll the crews
by calling their name. When all crews have been polled, the Starter
raises a red flag, and says; "Attention!". After a
clear pause the starter shall give the start by dropping the
red flag quickly to one side and simultaneously saying: "GO".
In windy conditions, the Starter may dispense with polling
the crews and use a "quick start". Here, the starter
says "Attention!" and if no crew responds, immediately
raises the red flag and gives the starting commands. In a FISA
regatta, once the red flag is raised in a quick start, hands
are no longer recognized, but in the US, the Starter will still
In the US, the procedure of last resort is the `countdown
start.' The Starter dispenses with further polling, and counts
down "5-4-3-2-1 Attention! GO!" Once the countdown
starts, hands are not recognized, and the crews should use the
five second countdown to point their boats.
Crews can be assessed a warning for a false start, for being
late to the start, or for traffic rules violation. A crew that
receives two warnings in the same race is excluded from the event.
If a crew breaks equipment in the first 100 meters of the
race, it should stop rowing and signal to the umpire, who will
then stop the race. Broken equipment under FISA and USRA rules
does not include a crab (fausse pelle) or jumped slide.
Once the race has begun, the Umpire (Referee in US or Canada)
follows in a launch. He/she will instruct a crew only to avoid
a foul or safety hazard. If a crew is about to interfere with
another crew, the umpire will raise a white flag, call the crew's
name, and drop the flag in the direction where the crew should
move. If a crew is about to hit a known obstruction (such as
a bridge abutment) the umpire will raise a white flag, call the
crew, and yell "Obstacle!" or simply "Stop!"
If the umpire needs to stop the entire race, he will ring a bell
or sound a horn, wave a red flag, and call out
"Stop!" if necessary.
A crew that wishes to protest the race must raise a hand after
it crosses the finish line and lodge the protest with the umpire.
This must be followed by a written protest accompanied by $25.00
USD (50 Swiss Francs internationally). A jury will decide the
protest after a hearing. If the hearing goes in the favor of
the protest then the $25.00 is returned.
These races , which are generaly held in the fall (US) or
early spring(Europe) are about 2.5-3 miles long and the boats
are started in their respective divisions separately at 10 second
intervals. These things are usually conducted on a river with
an ass ortment of bridges and turns that can make passing quite
Note: (from M. Mccrohan): The Heads here (in Ireland)
are at the start of the year, between January and the end of
March, and are the long distance races that give an indication
of the effectiveness of the winter's stamina training. (Remember
we do not have to contend with frozen rivers etc. during the
winter.) Most of our heads would be from 2-5 miles long. Our
local Head here in Galway is 3.5 miles, and is held on St. Patrick's
(As someone pointed out, this is the Cambridge version, but
it should do just to get an idea of what bumps racing is about.)
The bumps are a way of racing eights. It all basically comes
from rowing on a river which in most places is only just wide
enough for two boats to pass.
The basic idea is simple: you get a division of 17 (or 18)
boats who start in a column with 1.5 lengths of clear water between
them, and when the start gun goes the aim is to bump
the boat in front by making up enough distance for physical contact
between the two boats. The two boats involved in the bump drop
out of the race by pulling in to the side of the river and leaving
the course clear for anyone behind (if the boat behind a bump
catches the boat in front of a bump this is an overbump).
In the next day of racing the two crews swap start positions.
There are 4 days of racing in each set of bumps, and positions
are held over from year to year. Divisions are raced in reverse
order (i.e. worst first) and the crew ending top of a division
(because it started there and successfully `rowed over' the whole
course, or because it bumped the crew who started head (top)
of the division) gets to row as the 17th boat in the next division
so if they bump there they move up a division the next day. The
aim of the whole thing is to end up top of the 1st division `Head
of the River', or to go up four places (i.e. a bump each day).
What do most rowers prefer and what does CRASH-B stand
`The ergometer simulates the physical demands
of rowing, packaging the pains with none of the amenities that
make it worthwhile ...' - from Kiesling's The Shell
Most rowers use the Concept
II rowing ergometer, but several other brands exist. Other brands prefered by rowers are the
"Water Rower" which claims to closer simulate the
feel of rowing on water and the RowPerfect. Obviously ergometers don't float, but
the Concept II is probably the primary off season training device
for rowers. Concept II's latest, and most common model
is the Model C, but many of the older models, Model B, still
Settings (Model B)
Going from the `lightest' to the `heaviest' settings:
gear wheel/vent completely closed lightest Large gear sheel/vent
completely open | Small gear wheel/vent completely closed | Small
gear wheel/vent completely open heaviest
The newer Model C settings has just one vent adjustment that
ranges from 1 to 10. Setting 4 is equivalent to the lightest
setting of the Model B.
Most rowers include weight workouts in their training programmes.
CRASH-B (Charles River Association of Sculling Has-Beens
or Charles River All Star Has-Beens) Sprints
The penultimate event of the ergometer racing season in the
winter months. It's also referred to as the World Indoor Rowing
Championships and is held in Cambridge/Boston area in mid February.
The usual 'distance' (as measured on an electronic monitor) is
2000 meters and the winning times range from ~5:50(open men)
to ~8:00 (women coxswain).The prize for a winning time is a claw
A little history from G. Knauth:
CRASH-B stands for the Charles River All-Star Has Beens, a
pseudonym coined by the founders, members of the 1980 US Olympic
Rowing Team. The pseudonym coined by the founders was Charles
River Association of Sculling Has-Beens, later changed I'm told
so as not to put off sweep rowers.
CRASH-B is an organization, headed by Kurt Somerville, that
plans and runs the regatta, which takes place at Reggie Lewis
Athletic Ctr. & Indoor Track, Roxbury Community College, Boston,
MA. Concept-II supplies the ergs and brings winners of satellite
regattas to the CRASH-B Sprints. Community Rowing of Boston helps
sell the ergs at a $50 discount when the regatta is over. For
current information about CRASH-B and sattelite regattas, check
7. General Safety and Maintenance
- All rowers must be confident swimmers
- Never lean a capsized boat. Always stay with the shell. If land is near, swim the boat
to shore. Use the universal rowers distress signal of standing an oar up into the air,
blade end up.
- Always stay on the traffic pattern. Remember, this pattern is for rowers only. Blind
boats, any boat without a coxswain, has right-of-way to a cox'd boat. Never demand
the right-of-way. The boat with the most maneuverability must yield to another water
craft. Depending on the circumstances, rowers must yield the right-of-way to other
- Keep a good look out for buoys, boaters, fishermen and especially
- If your involved in an accident, stop and summon help for any injured person. NOTE
THE REGISTRATION NUMBERS ON THE BOW OF ANY BOATS INVOLVED
IN AN ACCIDENT OR UNSAFE ACT. Report any occurrence to the Aquatic
- Keep an eye on the Weather. If conditions become unsafe, return to the Aquatic
Center. In extreme conditions, land the boat on the nearest shore and call the Aquatic
Center or wait for better conditions. If you are unsure of the
conditions, ask an Aquatic Center employee.
- FOG: If you can not see all of Rivera Drive shoreline (condo-corner), Vacation
Island and the Islandia Hotel, rowing is not allowed.
- WIND: If the wind is blowing above 10 mph (a flag blowing straight out ),
rowing will not be allowed.
- No horseplay around the equipment or on the wet rowing pad.
- Always carry the oars, blade first, low at your waist.
- When the boat is in the water, never step inside a rigger, nor carry the boat with your
head in the riggers. If may knock you over, unsuspectingly.
- If you notice an item that needs repair or just some attention, please report it to an
Aquatic Center employee or complete a repair report form, found under the sign-out
podium in the rowing center. Completed repair forms should be left on the sign-out
- Any rowing causing damage due to negligence will be responsible for the repair of the
damage. Please report any occurrences to an Aquatic Center employee.
- After every row, be sure to rinse all equipment off with fresh water. Flush water both
inside and outside of the boats. Dry off equipment with towels, and return all items to
their storage places. Store all boats with the oar locks in, toward the boat.
- If a towel is sandy or drops on the concrete of the rowing pad, please thoroughly rinse
it out before placing it on the equipment.
- When in the rowing shells, do not place your feet on the bottom of the boat, if
changing location of your foot stretchers or putting socks on, rest your feet on the boat
- Check your foot stretcher to be sure they are tight before your
8. Books, Magazines
and Further Information
This is by no means meant to be complete.
Assault On Lake Casitas by Brad Lewis.
The Shell Game by Steve Kiesling.
The Amateurs by David Halberstam.
The Nuts and Bolts Guide to Rigging by Mike Davenport.
The Complete Steve Fairbairn on Rowing by Steve Fairbairn.
Complete Book of Rowing by Steven Redgrave.
Rudern: GDR text of Oarsmanship by Dr. Herberger.
High Performance Rowing by John McArthur.
Rowing Against the Current : On Learning to Scull at
Forty by Barry S. Strauss.
Mind over Water : Lessons on Life from the Art of Rowing
by Craig Lambert;
Textbook of Oarmanship : A Classic of Rowing Technical
Literature by Gilbert C. Bourne
The Art of Sculling by Joe Paduda(Editor) and Les Henig
The Book of Rowing by D. C. Churbuck
Thomas Eakins : The Rowing Pictures by Helen A. Cooper
Rowing : The Skills of the Game by Rosie Mayglothling
Rowing Fundamentals by John A. Ferriss
Rowing x-pert - an exhaustive rowing bibliography from Germany (in German)
201 S. Capitol Ave., Suite 400
Indianapolis, IN 46225
Amateur Rowing Association (see below)
6 Lower Mall
Ph: (0372) 467098
Independent Rowing News
PO Box 831, 4 West Wheelock St.
Hanover, NH 03755
Fax (603) 643-0606
Who can I contact for more information?
Just about every major or not so major city I know of
in Europe and in the US has at least one rowing club where a person can learn
how to row. You don't have to have rowed in college to get involved
in rowing. As a matter of fact a substantial percentage of currently
active rowers never rowed in high school or college. Any of the National organizations listed below.should be able to provide you with with contacting a local club. See also the link to Row2K.com's list of rowing organizations worldwide in the introduction to this page.
United States Rowing Association (USRA)
201 S. Capitol Ave.
Indianapolis, IN 46225
Ph: (317) 237-5656